张建龙,刘雪梅,宋晓艳,王海滨,刘兴伟,侯超.纳米及超细复合粉添加对超粗晶硬质合金晶粒长大的影响及机制[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2019,48(2):552~558.[zhangjianlong,liuxuemei,songxiaoyan,wanghaibin,liuxingwei,houchao.Effect and Mechanism of Nanometer and Ultrafine Composite Powder Additives on Grain Growth of Ultra-coarse Cemented Carbide[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2019,48(2):552~558.]
纳米及超细复合粉添加对超粗晶硬质合金晶粒长大的影响及机制
投稿时间:2017-06-27  修订日期:2017-10-01
中文关键词:  WC-Co复合粉  超粗晶硬质合金  表面能  晶粒长大
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目),国家杰出青年科学基金
中文摘要:
      本文在粗颗粒WC/Co混合粉末中分别添加平均粒径为100nm、250nm、400nm的WC-8Co复合粉,经球磨混合后在不同温度进行Ar气保护烧结。针对烧结块体的形貌、晶粒尺寸及其分布进行了研究,并分析了复合粉添加对不同烧结阶段WC晶粒长大的影响机理。研究发现,在WC/Co混合粉中加入纳米和超细复合粉末均可制备得到超粗晶硬质合金,且添加纳米复合粉烧结的试样平均晶粒尺寸达到9.3μm。烧结初期,纳米和超细复合粉通过增加混合粉末的表面能而有效促进WC晶粒长大;当达到液相烧结温度时,添加纳米复合粉的烧结块体中,由于小晶粒具有更大的溶解驱动力,促使小晶粒溶解并在周围大晶粒表面析出,进一步增大烧结块体的晶粒尺寸;添加超细复合粉的块体中,小晶粒WC呈集中分布,使其溶解驱动力较小,且析出主要发生在周围细小晶粒之间达到溶解析出动态平衡,从而使烧结块体的平均晶粒尺寸增长缓慢。
Effect and Mechanism of Nanometer and Ultrafine Composite Powder Additives on Grain Growth of Ultra-coarse Cemented Carbide
英文关键词:WC-Co composite powder  Ultra-coarse cemented carbide  surface energy  grian growth
英文摘要:
      In this study, the synthesized WC-8Co composite powder with the particle size of 100nm, 250nm, and 400nm were added to the coarse WC/Co powder respectively. The mixture was sintered at different temperature with Ar atmosphere. The morphology, grain size and its distribution of the sintered bulk were studied. The WC grain growth mechanism of the samples with composite powder additives at different sintering stage was analyzed. It was found that the ultra-coarse cemented carbide was prepared by WC/Co mixed powder with nanometer or submicron particle size composite powder additives. Especially, the cemented carbide with a grain size 9.3μm was prepared using the mixed powder with the nanocomposite powder additives as raw material. At the initial sintering stage, the addtion of the namometer and ultrafine composited powders increases the surface energy of the mixed powders obviously, which is benefit to promote the growth of WC grains effectively. During the liquid sintering temperature, the sintered bulks with the nanocomposite powder have a larger dissolution driving force, which causes the small grains to dissolve and precipitate on the surrounding large grains, further increasing the grain size of the sintered bulks. In the bulks where the ultrafine composite powder was added, the small grains WC are concentrated and the dissolution driving force is small, and the precipitation mainly occurs in the surrounding small grains between, the dissolved precipitation to achieve a dynamic equilibrium, so that the average grain size of sintered bulk grows slowly.
作者单位E-mail
张建龙 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 zhangjianlong@emails.bjut.edu.cn 
刘雪梅 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 liuxuemei@bjut.edu.cn 
宋晓艳 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 xysong@bjut.edu.cn 
王海滨 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 whb@bjut.edu.cn 
刘兴伟 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 lxw1008@emails.bjut.edu.cn 
侯超 北京工业大学材料科学与工程学院 houchao@bjut.edu.cn 
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