庞小通,程序,田象军,汤海波.激光增材制造DD98M高温合金组织及稳定性研究[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2019,48(5):1615~1622.[Pang Xiaotong,Cheng Xu,Tian Xiangjun,Tang Haibo.Microstructures and Long-Term Aging Stability of Nickel-Based Superalloy DD98M by Laser Additive Manufacturing[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2019,48(5):1615~1622.]
激光增材制造DD98M高温合金组织及稳定性研究
投稿时间:2018-01-06  修订日期:2018-01-26
中文关键词:  激光增材制造  镍基高温合金  组织  长期时效  γ‘相的粗化
基金项目:国家863计划(2014AA41701);NSFC-辽宁联合基金(U1508231)
中文摘要:
      采用激光增材制造技术制备了DD98M镍基高温合金管状试样,研究了其沉积态、固溶时效态和长期时效态微观组织变化,对比分析了沉积态和固溶时效态试样中γ‘相尺寸分布及在1000 ℃长期时效时γ‘相的演化规律。结果表明:沉积态组织主要由外延生长的微细柱晶组成,枝晶间无γ-γ‘共晶组织析出,试样中γ‘相体积分数约为70 %。合金中元素微偏析造成了枝晶干和枝晶间γ‘相尺寸差异,其中枝晶干处为210 nm,枝晶间为560 nm。经固溶时效处理后,γ‘相(约370 nm)均匀分布在γ基体上,其尺寸分布符合LSW模型。经1000 ℃长期时效500 h后,合金组织中无TCP相(拓扑密排相)生成,γ‘相仍保持立方形貌,其尺寸几乎保持不变。固溶时效处理后,合金显微硬度从沉积态时的442 HV增加至487 HV,长期时效能降低合金硬度,降幅约为5.9 %。
Microstructures and Long-Term Aging Stability of Nickel-Based Superalloy DD98M by Laser Additive Manufacturing
英文关键词:laser additive manufacturing  nickel-based superalloy  microstructure  long-term aging  γ‘ coarsening
英文摘要:
      The DD98M nickel-based superalloy tube is fabricated by using laser additive manufacturing (LAM). The microstructural variations of the as-deposited, solution-aged and long-term aging are studied. The precipitates distribution of deposited and solution-aged alloy were analyzed combining with the study of γ‘ precipitates evolution at 1000 ℃ long-term aging. The results show that the as-deposited microstructure of the alloy mainly consists of epitaxial finer columnar grains with an optimum amount of cubical γ‘ precipitates with around 70 vol. %. No γ-γ‘ eutectic is observed at interdendritic. Rapid solidification during LAM process largely eliminates the segregation of metal elements with an increase of γ‘ precipitates sizes from 210 nm at dendritic arms to 560 nm at interdendritic regions. After solution-aged treatments, γ‘ precipitates (about 370 nm) are uniformly distributed in γ matrix with the sizes distribution fitting the LSW model. During the long-term aging of 500 h at 1000 ℃, no TCP (Topologically Close-Packed) phase exists and the sizes of cubical precipitates have a slight increase. In addition, the micro-hardness of the as-deposited is 442 HV and it will obviously increase to 487 HV after solution-aged heat treatment. Long-term aging reduces around 5.9 % of the maximum micro-hardness.
作者单位E-mail
庞小通 北京航空航天大学 大型金属构件增材制造国家工程实验室 pangxiaotong@buaa.edu.cn 
程序 北京航空航天大学 大型金属构件增材制造国家工程实验室  
田象军 北京航空航天大学 大型金属构件增材制造国家工程实验室  
汤海波 北京航空航天大学 大型金属构件增材制造国家工程实验室  
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