姚文娟,樊磊,刘光焰.石墨烯及石墨烯/金属层状复合材料辐照损伤性能进展[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2019,48(10):3130~3135.[Wenjuan Yao,Lei Fan,Guangyan Liu.Advance in properties of graphene and graphene/metal layered composite after irradiation damage[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2019,48(10):3130~3135.]
石墨烯及石墨烯/金属层状复合材料辐照损伤性能进展
投稿时间:2018-04-17  修订日期:2018-06-03
中文关键词:  石墨烯  石墨烯/金属复合材料  辐照损伤  空位缺陷  新型抗辐照材料
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(11572186) 、(81170910) and (11272200)
中文摘要:
      随着航天器、核动力船舶、核聚变发电等领域的不断发展,不仅要求材料拥有优异的性能,还要求材料在极端条件下(辐照、高温等)仍满足正常工作。那么如何保证材料在长时间辐照条件下的使用寿命?设计和制备抗辐照性能强的金属复合材料已成为国防领域和核聚变发电的热点问题,此外,金属及其复合材料在辐照条件下的结构演化、性能变化及内在机理也是设计、制备抗辐照材料的关键所在。石墨烯具有优异的抗辐照能力,将石墨烯加入金属中又将会产生什么新变化呢?本文综述了离子辐照技术在石墨烯/金属复合材料及石墨烯的裁剪、修饰改性、结构设计及产业功能化等方面的研究进展。进一步理解石墨烯/金属复合材料辐照后的机理,为石墨烯/金属复合材料在核工业的应用提供理论依据。
Advance in properties of graphene and graphene/metal layered composite after irradiation damage
英文关键词:Graphene, Graphene/metal  composites, Irradiation  damage, Vacancy  defects, A  new type  of radiation  resistant material
英文摘要:
      : With the continuous development of spacecraft, nuclear powered ships, nuclear fusion power generation and other fields, the material not only requires excellent performance, but also requires the material to meet the normal work under extreme conditions (irradiation, high temperature, etc.). How to ensure the service life of materials under long time irradiation? The design and preparation of metal composite with strong radiation resistance has become a hot issue in the field of national defense and nuclear fusion. In addition, the structure evolution, performance changes and internal mechanism of metal and its composite materials under irradiation are also the key to the design and preparation of radiation resistant materials. Graphene has excellent anti radiation ability. What new changes will happen in adding graphene to metals? This review summarized the sequential advancements made in research involving graphene/metal composites and irradiated graphene, including cutting, modified modification structural design and industrial functionalization. The mechanism of graphene / metal composites after irradiation is further understood, which provides a theoretical basis for the application of graphene / metal composites in nuclear industry.
作者单位E-mail
姚文娟 上海大学上海市应用数学和力学研究所 695646919@qq.COM 
樊磊 上海大学 fanleigl@foxmail.com 
刘光焰 桂林理工大学  
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