杨洋,李志杰.晶界添加MgO/Mg纳米粉对烧结钕铁硼磁性和抗腐蚀性的影响[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2020,49(4):1366~1371.[Yang Yang,Li Zhijie.Effect of MgO/Mg nanopowders added to grain boundary on magnetic properties and corrosion resistance of sintered Nd-Fe-B[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2020,49(4):1366~1371.]
晶界添加MgO/Mg纳米粉对烧结钕铁硼磁性和抗腐蚀性的影响
投稿时间:2019-01-22  修订日期:2019-02-26
中文关键词:  烧结钕铁硼  MgO/Mg纳米粉  磁性能  微观结构  抗腐蚀性
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助(项目号:21571132)和辽宁省自然基金(项目号:20170540670)
中文摘要:
      为了提高烧结Nd-Fe-B磁体的磁性能和抗腐蚀性能,采用二元合金法,通过晶界添加MgO/Mg纳米粉烧结成(PrNd)15.5B6Cu0.1FebalMgx(wt%,x=0.1-0.3)永磁体。利用永磁特性自动测量仪、扫描电子显微镜、X射线衍射仪和CHI660E电化学工作站对不同添加量的MgO/Mg(质量比为1:2)纳米粉的烧结Nd-Fe-B磁体的磁性能、微观结构及抗腐蚀性能进行了研究。结果表明:当MgO/Mg纳米粉添加量为0.1wt%时,磁体综合磁性能表现最好,此时磁体矫顽力1183kA/m,剩磁1.22T,最大磁能积288kJ/m3。由塔菲尔曲线可知,随着MgO/Mg纳米粉添加量的增多,腐蚀电位从-1.093V提高到-0.929V;腐蚀电流密度从223.87μA/cm2降低到42.66μA/cm2;由电化学阻抗谱图可知,添加了适量的MgO/Mg纳米粉的磁体的高频容抗弧的半径大于未添加磁体的高频容抗弧的半径,增大了电荷迁移阻力。因此晶界添加适量的MgO/Mg纳米粉提高了烧结Nd-Fe-B磁体的磁性能和抗腐蚀性能。
Effect of MgO/Mg nanopowders added to grain boundary on magnetic properties and corrosion resistance of sintered Nd-Fe-B
英文关键词:Sintered Nd-Fe-B  MgO/Mg nanopowders  Magnetic properties  Microstructure  Corrosion resistance
英文摘要:
      In order to improve the magnetic properties and corrosion resistance of sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, (PrNd)15.5B6Cu0.1FebalMg(wt%, x=0.1-0.3)permanent magnet was sintered by binary alloy method with adding MgO/Mg nanopowders at grain boundary.The magnetic properties, microstructures and corrosion resistance of sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets with different amounts of MgO/Mg (mass ratio 1:2) nanopowders were studied by means of permanent magnet automatic measuring instrument, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometer and CHI660E electrochemical workstation. The results show that when the content of MgO/Mg nanopowders is 0.1wt%, the comprehensive magnetic properties of the magnet are the best. At this time, the coercivity of the magnet is 1183 kA/m, the remanence is 1.22T, and the maximum magnetic energy product is 288 kJ/m3. The Tafel curve shows that the corrosion potential increases from -1.093V to -0.929V and the corrosion current density decreases from 223.87μA/cm2 to 42.66μA/cm2 with the increase of MgO/Mg nanopowders content. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy shows that the radius of the high frequency capacitive arc of the magnet with appropriate amount of MgO/Mg nanopowders is larger than that of the high frequency capacitive arc of the magnet is not added, increasing the charge transfer resistance.Therefore, the magnetic properties and corrosion resistance of sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets are improved by adding appropriate amount of MgO/Mg nanocomposite powder at grain boundaries.
作者单位E-mail
杨洋 沈阳工业大学 理学院 514589435@qq.com 
李志杰 沈阳工业大学 理学院 zjli1963@126.com 
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