罗军明.烧结NdFeB电泳沉积Al及晶界扩散[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2020,49(6):2125~2131.[Luo Junming.Electrophoretic Deposition of Al Films on Sintered NdFeB and Grain Boundary Diffusion[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2020,49(6):2125~2131.]
烧结NdFeB电泳沉积Al及晶界扩散
投稿时间:2019-05-12  修订日期:2019-07-10
中文关键词:  电泳沉积  Al膜  烧结NdFeB  晶界扩散
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助(项目号51401103),江西省重点研发计划项目(项目号20181ACE50005)
中文摘要:
      采用电泳沉积(EPD)方法在烧结NdFeB磁体表面沉积Al膜,研究了不同电泳电压和沉积时间对沉积Al膜的影响,在此研究基础之上,探究了不同晶界扩散工艺对磁体微观组织和磁性能的影响。研究结果表明:最佳的电泳工艺为90 V/30 s,此时膜层与磁体结合情况良好,且厚度均匀适中。晶界扩散工艺为500 ℃/1 h时,磁体获得了最佳的综合磁性能,其矫顽力、剩磁和最大磁能积为953 kA/m、1.41 T和342 kJ/m3,分别提升了30.2%、0.7%和11.4%。微观结构和成分分析发现,晶界扩散后,晶间形成了更为平直光滑的富稀土相薄层,有助于降低退磁场和增强磁隔离效应,最终导致矫顽力的提高。
Electrophoretic Deposition of Al Films on Sintered NdFeB and Grain Boundary Diffusion
英文关键词:Electrophoretic deposition  Al film  sintered NdFeB  grain boundary diffusion
英文摘要:
      In this paper, an Al film was deposited on the surface of sintered NdFeB magnets by electrophoretic deposition(EPD). It was found that different EPD voltages and times have a great influence on the deposition of Al films. It also investigated the effects of different grain boundary diffusion processes on the microstructure and magnetic properties of the magnet. The results show that the best EPD process is 90 V/30 s. At this time, the combination of the film and the magnet is well, and the thickness is even and moderate. When the grain boundary diffusion process is 500 °C / 1h, the magnet obtains the best comprehensive magnetic properties, and its coercivity, remanence and maximum magnetic energy product are 953 kA/m, 1.41 T and 342 kJ/m3, respectively, which is increased by 30.2%. 0.7% and 11.4%. Through microstructure and composition analysis, it is found that after the grain boundary is diffused, a more flat and smooth rare earth-rich phase thin layer is formed between the crystals, which helps to reduce the demagnetizing field and enhance the magnetic isolation effect, and finally leads to the improvement of coercive force.
作者单位E-mail
罗军明 南昌航空大学材料科学与工程学院 南昌330063 ljmniat@126.com 
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