苏原明,赵艳君,陈思昊,李留洋,胡治流,王乃贤,覃燕玲.冷轧变形量和退火制度对超快速加热下5083铝合金晶粒尺寸的影响[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(3):948~956.[SU YuanMing,ZHAO YanJun,CHEN SiHao,LI LiuYang,HU ZhiLiu,WANG Naixian,QIN Yanling.Effect of cold rolling deformation and annealing process on grain size of 5083 aluminum alloy under ultra-fast heating[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(3):948~956.]
冷轧变形量和退火制度对超快速加热下5083铝合金晶粒尺寸的影响
投稿时间:2020-03-17  修订日期:2020-05-19
中文关键词:  5083铝合金  超快速退火  再结晶  晶粒尺寸
基金项目:广西创新驱动项目(桂科AA17202011-1);广西自然科学基金(2018GXNSFAA050048,2017GXNSFAA198271);广西有色金属及特色材料加工重点实验室项目(GXYSSF1809)
中文摘要:
      本文利用Gleeble-3500热模拟系统和电子背散射衍射(EBSD)技术对5083铝合金的超快速退火组织演变规律进行了研究,探讨了快速加热速度、退火温度及冷轧变形量对5083铝合金晶粒尺寸的影响。5083铝合金经80%的冷轧变形后分别以25 ℃/s、250 ℃/s、500 ℃/s的加热速度升温至450 ℃保温3s后以40 ℃/s冷却时,平均晶粒尺寸随加热速度的增加由7.43 μm细化至4.98 μm。5083铝合金经80%冷轧变形后在不同退火温度(350 ℃、400 ℃、420 ℃、450 ℃和500 ℃)下进行超快速退火(加热速度500 ℃/s,保温时间3 s,冷却速度40 ℃/s)后,所得晶粒尺寸先减小再增大,在420 ℃退火时,晶粒尺寸达到最小为4.82 μm。再结晶晶粒尺寸受晶界迁移速率和形核率的耦合作用,在350 ℃ ~ 420 ℃超快速退火时,由于快速加热使形核率急剧增大,而形核温度较低,使晶界迁移速率较小,导致晶界迁移速率小于形核率,因而再结晶晶粒尺寸由5.23 μm细化至4.82 μm;在420 ℃ ~ 500 ℃超快速退火时,形核温度变高,晶界迁移速率快速增大,则晶界迁移速率大于形核率,使合金晶粒由4.82 μm粗化至6.20 μm,420 ℃是5083铝合金晶界迁移速率和形核率之间竞争的一个临界点。5083铝合金经50%、60%、71.4%、80%和87.5%的冷轧变形后以500 ℃/s的超快速加热速度升温至450 ℃保温3s后以40 ℃/s冷却,所得平均晶粒尺寸分别为7.94 μm、6.82 μm、6.03 μm、4.98 μm和4.84 μm,随轧制变形量的增大晶粒尺寸减小,但是冷轧制变量达到80%以后再进行超快速退火晶粒尺寸减小不明显。
Effect of cold rolling deformation and annealing process on grain size of 5083 aluminum alloy under ultra-fast heating
英文关键词:5083 alluminum alloy  Ultra rapid annealing  Recrystallization  Grain size
英文摘要:
      GLEEBLE-3500 thermal simulation system and EBSD technology were used to study the microstructure evolution of 5083 aluminum alloy under ultra-fast annealing. The effects of rapid heating rate, annealing temperature and cold rolling deformation on the grain size of 5083 aluminum alloy were discussed. The average grain size of 5083 aluminum alloy was refined from 7.43 μm to 4.98 μm with the increase of the heating rate from 25 ℃/s to 500 ℃/s. After ultra-fast annealing (heating rate 500 ℃ / s, holding time 3 s, cooling rate 40 ℃ / s) at different annealing temperatures (350 ℃, 400 ℃, 420 ℃, 450 ℃ and 500 ℃), the grain size of the 80% cold-rolled 5083 aluminum alloy first decreased and then increased. When annealed at 420 ℃, the minimum grain size was 4.82 μm. The grain size of recrystallization was affected by the interaction of boundary migration rate and nucleation rate. During the ultra-fast annealing at 350 ℃ ~ 420 ℃, the nucleation rate increased sharply due to the rapid heating, while the nucleation temperature was low, which makes the grain boundary migration rate smaller, resulting in the grain boundary migration rate less than the nucleation rate, and the recrystallization grain size was refined from 5.23 μm to 4.82 μm; During the ultra-fast annealing at 420 ℃ ~ 500 ℃, the nucleation temperature became higher and the grain boundary migration rate increased rapidly. The grain boundary migration rate was higher than the nucleation rate, which makes the grain coarsening from 4.82 μm to 6.20 μm. 420 ℃ was a critical point for the competition between the grain boundary migration rate and the nucleation rate of 5083 aluminum alloy. After 50%, 60%, 71.4%, 80% and 87.5% cold rolling, 5083 aluminum alloy was heated to 450 ℃ for 3 s at an ultra-rapid heating rate of 500 ℃ / s and cooled at 40 ℃ / s. The average grain sizes were 7.94 μ m, 6.82 μ m, 6.03 μ m, 4.98 μ m and 4.84 μ m, respectively. With the increase of rolling deformation, the grain size decreased, but after the cold rolling reached 80%, the grain size decreased unobviously.
作者单位E-mail
苏原明 广西大学 资源环境与材料学院 1419715796@qq.com 
赵艳君 广西大学 资源环境与材料学院 561500489@qq.com 
陈思昊 广西大学 资源环境与材料学院  
李留洋 广西大学 资源环境与材料学院  
胡治流 广西大学 资源环境与材料学院  
王乃贤 广西柳州银海铝业股份有限公司  
覃燕玲 广西柳州银海铝业股份有限公司  
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