李光彬,王曼,谭广繁,向茂乔,张迎春.Li4SiO4 氚增殖陶瓷的制备及其与14Cr-ODS钢的腐蚀界面行为[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(8):2663~2669.[Li Guangbin,Wang Man,Tan Guangfan,Xiang Maoqiao,Zhang Yingchun.Preparation of Li4SiO4 Ceramics Tritium Breeder and Its Interface Corrosion Behavior with 14Cr-ODS Steel[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(8):2663~2669.]
Li4SiO4 氚增殖陶瓷的制备及其与14Cr-ODS钢的腐蚀界面行为
投稿时间:2020-07-14  修订日期:2020-10-22
中文关键词:  ODS钢  Li4SiO4微球  氚增殖包壳  兼容性  腐蚀
基金项目:the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Energy Research Project of China under Grant No. 2015GB121006
中文摘要:
      Li4SiO4小球与ODS钢的化学相容性对聚变反应器的安全运行具有重要意义。研究了在500、600、700 ℃的氩气环境中保温300 h后ODS钢与小球接触界面组织和成分的变化。结果表明,在600~700 ℃时,Li4SiO4小球与ODS钢的界面发生了严重的元素互扩散和反应。在Li4SiO4小球表面,由于ODS钢中Fe和Cr的扩散,出现了一层薄薄的反应层,这也导致了密度的增加,破碎负荷从51 N (500 ℃)下降到32 N(700 ℃)。XRD图谱显示,ODS钢表面出现了LiCrO2和LiFeO2新相,说明Li4SiO4小球中的Li和O原子可以扩散到ODS中,与Fe、Cr元素在高温下发生反应形成腐蚀层。在700 ℃时,腐蚀层可分为2个氧化层。最外层是LiFeO2和LiCrO2的混合物,下一层主要是LiFeO2。在ODS钢的表面,700 ℃/300 h条件下氧扩散系数为2.2×10-14 cm2/s,这说明ODS钢作为一种包层结构材料,在未来的包层设计中需要一层耐腐蚀涂层。
Preparation of Li4SiO4 Ceramics Tritium Breeder and Its Interface Corrosion Behavior with 14Cr-ODS Steel
英文关键词:ODS steel  Li4SiO4 pebbles  tritium breeder blanket  compatibility  corrosion
英文摘要:
      The chemical compatibility between Li4SiO4 pebbles and ODS steel is important for the safe operation of the fusion reactor. In the present paper, the transformation of microstructure and component for contact interface between ODS steel and pebbles after 300 h heat preservation in an argon atmosphere at 500, 600, and 700 °C was investigated. The results show that serious element interdiffusion and reaction can be observed at the interface between Li4SiO4 pebbles and ODS steel at temperatures of 600~700 °C. For the surface of Li4SiO4 pebbles, a thin reaction layer appears due to the diffusion of Fe and Cr from ODS steel, which also causes the increase of density and decrease of crush load from 51 N (500 °C) to 32 N (700 °C). XRD patterns show that the new phase of LiCrO2 and LiFeO2 appears on the surface of ODS steel, which suggests that the Li and O atoms in Li4SiO4 pebbles can diffuse into ODS, and react with Fe and Cr elements to form corrosion layers at high temperature. The corrosion layers can be divided into two oxide sub-layers at 700 °C. The outermost layer is a mixture of LiFeO2 and LiCrO2, and the next layer is mainly LiFeO2. For the surface of ODS steel, the oxygen diffusion coefficient is 2.2×10-14 cm2/s at 700 °C for 300 h. It suggests that the ODS steel as a blanket structure material steel needs a resisted corrosion coating in the design of a blanket in the future.
作者单位E-mail
李光彬 北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院北京 100083 sydx07jscl@126.com 
王曼 北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院北京 100083  
谭广繁 北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院北京 100083  
向茂乔 中国科学院过程工程研究所北京 100190  
张迎春 北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院北京 100083  
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