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Synthesis Mechanism and Deformation Mechanism of Silver Nanowires with Different Aspect Ratios

1.Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China;2.R&D Center, Yunnan Tin Group (Holding) Co., Ltd, Kunming 650000, China;3.Yunnan Tin Industry Tin Material Co., Ltd, Kunming 650501, China;4.School of Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Nanchong 637001, China

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Innovation Team in Yunnan Province (202105AE160028); Fundamental Research and Applied Basic Research Enterprise Joint Project Between Yunnan Provincial Department of Science and Technology and Yunnan Tin Group (Holding) Co., Ltd (202101BC070001-010)

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    Silver nanowires with different aspect ratios were prepared by adjusting the molar content of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) through the liquid-phase reduction method. X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscope, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, simultaneous thermal analyzer, and transmission electron microscope were used to characterize the phase composition, microstructure, light absorption properties, thermal decomposition, and crystal structures of the silver nanowires, and the molecular dynamics was used to simulate the stretching and melting processes of single-crystal silver nanowires. Result shows that the silver nanowires are mainly composed of face-centered cubic silver. When the molar ratio of PVP to AgNO3 changes from 1.5 to 7.5, the diameter of silver nanowires firstly decreases and then increases, and the minimum diameter of nanowires is 77.7 nm when the molar ratio is 6.0. With decreasing the diameter of silver nanowires from 106.1 nm to 77.7 nm, the melting temperature is decreased, and the lowest melting temperature is 281.2 °C. The yield strength is gradually increased from 0.63 GPa to 0.83 GPa with increasing the aspect ratios of silver nanowires from 6 to 72. The melting temperature of single-crystal silver nanowires is decreased from 690 K to 657 K with increasing the aspect ratio. Therefore, the molar ratio of 6.0 is the optimal condition to synthesize silver nanowires, and the silver nanowires with a large aspect ratio have good resistance to deformation.

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[Zhao Meili, Gan Guoyou, Leng Chongyan, Xu Fengxian, Yuan Peng, Bai Hailong, Lv Jinmei, Yan Jikang. Synthesis Mechanism and Deformation Mechanism of Silver Nanowires with Different Aspect Ratios[J]. Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2023,52(1):6~14.]
DOI:10.12442/j. issn.1002-185X.20220681

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  • Received:August 31,2022
  • Revised:November 02,2022
  • Adopted:November 10,2022
  • Online: February 09,2023
  • Published: February 08,2023