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钱建刚,殷英,李鑫,胡笑天,李菁,李铁军.离子液体中电铸镍研究[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2017,46(10):3058~3062.[qian jiangang,yinying,li xin,hu xiao tian,li jing,li tie jun.Study on electroforming Ni from ionic liquid[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2017,46(10):3058~3062.]
Study on electroforming Ni from ionic liquid
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Received:July 04, 2015  Revised:July 16, 2015
Key words: ionic liquid  electroformed nickel  morphology  tensile strength  microhardness
Foundation item:航空科学基金资助(2012ZE51058)
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
qian jiangang 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室 qianjg@buaa.edu.cn 
yinying 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室 yinyingabc@126.com 
li xin 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室  
hu xiao tian 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室  
li jing 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室  
li tie jun 北京航空航天大学仿生智能界面科学与技术教育部重点实验室  
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      In light of the common problem of hydrogen evolution in traditional electroforming nickel and the huge advantages of this new medium ionic liquid, the effects of temperature, current density on electroformed nickel’s morphology and structure as well as the tensile strength and microhardness of electroformed nickel from ionic liquid were first studied in this paper. The results show that the suitable temperature range are from 110 ℃ to 130 ℃. XRD tests show electroforming temperature can also significantly improve the degree of crystallinity of electroformed nickel layer, and promote the transformation of preferred orientation of grains from (111) to (200). 1 mA/cm2 is the best current density. With the increasing of it, the surface of Ni looks rougher and rougher, but grain size and the degree of crystallinity of Ni decreases. In addition, compared with aqueous solution, Ni electroformed from ionic liquid has higher tensile strength and microhardness.