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牛晓峰,黄志伟,王宝健,王晨晨,宋振亮.Effects of point defects on properties of B2 NiAl: A first-principles study[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2018,47(9):2687~2692.[NIU Xiao-feng,HUANG Zhi-wei,WANG Bao-jian,WANG Chen-chen and Song Zhen-liang.Effects of point defects on properties of B2 NiAl: A first-principles study[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2018,47(9):2687~2692.]
Effects of point defects on properties of B2 NiAl: A first-principles study
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Received:February 22, 2017  Revised:April 06, 2017
DOI:
Key words: NiAl alloy  Point defects  Elastic properties  First-principles
Foundation item:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Author NameAffiliation
NIU Xiao-feng,HUANG Zhi-wei,WANG Bao-jian,WANG Chen-chen and Song Zhen-liang  
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Abstract:
      The basic properties, heats of formation, energies of formation, equilibrium concentration of point defects, elastic properties, and electronic structures for point defect structures of B2-NiAl crystal are detailed analyzed by the density functional theory. Compared with B2-NiAl and other B2 intermetallic compounds, purity NiAl has the better ductility and bonding strength. According to the calculated heats of formation, energies of formation, and equilibrium concentration of point defects, the Ni antisite and Ni vacancy are primary defects in B2-NiAl crystal. The calculated G/B0 and Cauchy pressure parameters C12–C44 values confirm that Ni vacancy, Ni antisite, and Al antisite can promote the brittleness of B2-NiAl, and in which Ni vacancy is the primary defect, while Al vacancy with a low concentration can improve ductility of B2-NiAl. The density of state confirms that B2-NiAl intermetallic compounds are conductors, and point defects can promote the stability of the system expect Ni antisite defect.