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康雷,赵刚,刘坤,田妮.7B50铝合金淬透性及其临界平均冷却速率的研究[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2019,48(1):309~316.[Kang Lei,Zhao Gang,Liu Kun and Tian Ni.Investigation on the hardenability and critical cooling rates of 7B50 aluminum alloy[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2019,48(1):309~316.]
Investigation on the hardenability and critical cooling rates of 7B50 aluminum alloy
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Received:May 15, 2017  Revised:January 03, 2018
DOI:
Key words: 7B50 aluminum alloy  water-spray quenching  cooling curve  hardenability  cooling rate  microstructure
Foundation item:十三五国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB0300801);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(51371045)
Author NameAffiliation
Kang Lei,Zhao Gang,Liu Kun and Tian Ni  
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Abstract:
      In present work, the hardenability and critical cooling rates of 7B50 alloy were investigated based on measured cooling curves obtained from the spray quenching test on modified Jominy specimen, electrical conductivity and hardness in different aging tempers, and microstructures evolution in natural aging temper. Results show that the hardened depth of 7B50 alloy is about 70 mm in natural aging temper while it decreases to 60 mm after natural aging for 50 days followed by artificial peak aging treatment with the corresponding average cooling rates in quench sensitive temperature range (420℃~230℃) increasing from 1.55℃·s-1 to 1.95℃·s-1, respectively, indicating worse hardenability and more quench sensitivity after artificial peak aging treatment. During water-spray quenching, the precipitates form firstly on grain/subgrain boundaries and then at some special positions in matrix, such as Al3Zr particles. The inhomogeneous precipitates on grain/subgrain boundaries are observed at a location of 3 mm from the quenching surface with the corresponding average cooling rate of 981℃·s-1. While inhomogeneous precipitates in matrix are observed at a location of 10 mm from the quenching surface with the corresponding average cooling rate of 37.75℃·s-1. Properties of the alloy at 25 mm from the quenching surface have little changed compared with those on the quenching surface and the corresponding average cooling rate at the location of 25 mm is 9.34℃·s-1 which is much smaller than that on the quenching surface. Therefore, during the spray quenching process, the average cooling rate of 7B50 alloy thick plates should be controlled to close to but not less than 9.34℃·s-1, in order to get excellent and uniform properties after quenching and aging.