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唐奎,王金相,方雨,周楠.爆炸焊接制备大厚度Cu-Fe-Cu复合板[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2020,49(5):1553~1560.[Tang Kui,Wang Jinxiang,Fang Yu and Zhou Nan.Preparation of Thick Cu-Fe-Cu Composite Plate by Explosive Welding[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2020,49(5):1553~1560.]
Preparation of Thick Cu-Fe-Cu Composite Plate by Explosive Welding
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Received:December 24, 2018  Revised:February 22, 2019
Key words: explosive welding  Cu-Fe-Cu composite plate  weldability window  wavy interface
Foundation item:国家自然科学基金项目(11672138,11602113),江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20161055)
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Tang Kui,Wang Jinxiang,Fang Yu and Zhou Nan  
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      Fe-Cu composite plate has good ductility, electrical and thermal conductivity, the ferromagnetism of Fe, and the diamagnetism of Cu, so it can be widely used in power, electronics and other industries. However, it is hard to weld Fe and Cu using conventional methods due to their low mutual miscibility. The explosive welding method was adopted to prepare the Cu-Fe-Cu (with the thickness 17, 5, 17mm respectively) composite plate in this study. Firstly, the theoretical model was adopted to design explosive welding parameters. The weldability window, the detonation velocity and thickness of the charge, and the gap size were obtained. Then, a new numerical simulation method, in which the SPH, Lagrange and Euler methods are used and no equivalent treatment of the explosive welding components is taken, was used to analyze the explosive welding process. The collision velocity of the flyer plate, temperature and pressure distribution near the bonding interface as well as wavy interface are obtained, and it proved the validity of the theoretical design parameters. Finally, the Cu-Fe-Cu composite plate is successfully prepared by explosive welding method. The hardness distribution and the shear strength of the bonding interfaces are tested. The results show that parameters of the interface wave obtained experimentally and numerically are basically the same; compared with that of the original ones, the hardness of Fe and Cu near the bonding interface increased about 34.2% and 49.8% respectively; the average shear strength of the first and the second interface is 212.7 MPa and 225.3 MPa respectively.