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张建斌,焦凯,高计计,容煜,石玗.海水制氢Al-Mg-Ga-Sn合金的研究[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2020,49(10):3582~3589.[Zhang jianbin,Jiao kai,Gao jiji,Rong yu and Shi yu.Hydrogen Production Behavior of Al-Mg-Ga-Sn Alloy in Seawater[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2020,49(10):3582~3589.]
Hydrogen Production Behavior of Al-Mg-Ga-Sn Alloy in Seawater
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Received:November 07, 2019  Revised:November 18, 2019
Key words: aluminum  alloy, simulated  seawater, hydrogen  production, corrosion  current
Foundation item:国家自然科学(51561021),甘肃省基础研究创新群体(17JR5RA107)
Author NameAffiliation
Zhang jianbin,Jiao kai,Gao jiji,Rong yu and Shi yu  
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      Al-Mg-Ga-Sn alloys with six different Al/Ga weight ratio were prepared by casting. The hydrogen production behavior of these alloys in simulated seawater (3.5% NaCl) solution at 30 ° C, 50 ° C, 70 ° C and 90 ° C was investigated, respectively, where quantitative analysis of hydrogen production rate, hydrogen yield, energy density and conversion rate, and qualitative analysis of microstructure and electrochemical performance were conducted. XRD analysis combined with SEM revealed that composition phase of Al-Mg-Ga-Sn alloys are related to the Al/Ga weight ratio. If Al/Ga=17/1, Alss and Mg2Sn dominate; if Al/Ga≤14/1, composition phases contain Alss, Mg2Sn and Ga5Mg2. In addition to NaCl, the reaction product of Al-Mg-Ga-Sn alloy/seawater include Alss、Mg2Sn and Al(OH)3 at 30 °C-70 °C; and Alss, and AlO(OH) at 90 °C. The polarization resistance of Al-Mg-Ga-Sn alloy in the 3.5%NaCl solution at room temperature gradually increases as the Al/Ga ratio increases, and the corrosion current is related to the microstructure. At 90 ° C, when Al/Ga = 8 / 1, hydrogen production rate is 19.36mL / (min ? g), hydrogen yield is 1.156×103 mL / g, energy density is 3.515×1010J / m3, and conversion rate is up to 97.6%.