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陆成旭,易昊钰,梁田,王旻,薛海龙,马颖澈,刘奎.Si、Mn元素对奥氏体不锈钢微观组织和拉伸性能的影响[J].稀有金属材料与工程(英文),2021,50(1):187~194.[LU Chengxu,YI Haoyu,LIANG Tian,WANG Min,XUE Hailong,MA Yingche and LIU Kui.Effect of Si and Mn on Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steel[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(1):187~194.]
Effect of Si and Mn on Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Austenitic Stainless Steel
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Received:January 17, 2020  
DOI:
Key words: metallic materials  austenitic stainless steel  tensile properties  microstructure  deformed twins
Foundation item:辽宁省自然科学基金(2019-BS-248)
Author NameAffiliation
LU Chengxu,YI Haoyu,LIANG Tian,WANG Min,XUE Hailong,MA Yingche and LIU Kui  
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Abstract:
      Si and Mn are usually added into austenitic stainless steels to improve their corrosion resistance by improving the oxide film forming ability and increasing the stability of austenite matrix. However, the additions of Si and Mn can significantly affect the microstructure and mechanical properties of the cold-worked material. In this study, austenitic stainless steels with different Si and Mn contents are designed. The microstructure of the alloys is characterized by SEM, EPMA, and TEM, and the mechanical properties are evaluated by tensile tests at room temperature. As Si increases from 1.0 wt.% to 2.0 wt.%, the volume fraction of deformation twins increases from 4.98% to 8.33%, the yield strength increases from 620MPa to 682 MPa, and the elongation basically remains constant; as Mn increases from 1.5 wt.% to 2.0 wt.%, the volume fraction of the deformation twins decreases from 8.33% to 7.22%, the yield strength decreases from 682MPa to 627 MPa, and the elongation increases from 16.0% to 21.3 %; Si addition increases the quantity of deformation twins in the alloy, improves the strength of the alloy and maintains plasticity; Mn addition reduces the number of the deformation twins in the alloy, reduces the strength of the alloy and enhances plasticity.